Trout fishing regardless of whether the guidelines are simple or sophisticated seem to work most of the times as the fish species not only proliferates naturally but is cultivated (pisciculture) prolifically in the areas where they’re found.
Trout varieties are the most popular game fish species in North America along with salmons, largemouth bass, northern pikes, and perches. The trout is essentially a fish species that thrives in freshwater bodies but they do spend part of their lifetime in salty water bodies.
The Trouts usually travel from a sea or an ocean to a lake or river for laying eggs. Although there are several species of trout, the varieties that are fished the most happen to be the rainbow trout, steelhead trout, lake trout, and brown trout. These species like to feed on marine invertebrates and small fish species. Go through the following trout fishing tips to maximize your chances of catching a rich haul.
The rainbow trout is the variety that is readily available in large schools in the tributaries and distributaries of the Pacific Sea in the US and Asia. It is very similar to the salmon in nature. The steelhead trout is a variety that spends considerable time in the seas or oceans and only swims into freshwater lakes, brooks, streams, and rivulets for spawning. Many varieties of freshwater steelhead trout were released in the Great Lakes. The brook trout is so called as it is thriving mostly in brooks and streams and found naturally in the US, especially in the eastern region and also in Canada. The brook trout is known by different names in the US like bull trout, lake trout, Dolly Varden or Arctic char.
The brown trout originated in Europe and was introduced to North America by seafaring explorers and voyagers. The brown trout is actually a salmonid fish species and there are both anadromous (sea-faring) and freshwater varieties. In order to make your trout fishing trips successful, you’ll have to study the habits and habitats of the popular varieties as well as practice the angling techniques. Your strategies and techniques will keep changing with the seasons as well as the variations in local weather conditions
At the outset, you’ll need a robust fishing rod and spool or reel. Lightweight rod of 7-8 ft in length with monofilament line and spinning reel is perfect for catching trout. See to it that the weight of the rod, fishing line, and reel correspond so that you’ve good balance while angling. However, you can also use a line having a popper or fly attached to a hook at the end if you’re more comfortable with fly fishing. You can graduate to a combination of the rod and spool once become a pro in baiting trouts.
Pay attention also to choosing a hook that’ll correspond with the bait or lure. For instance, if you’re opting for a trident type hook (with three distinct pointed claws) then it goes best with dough or cheese baits. However, if you’re using worms, small insects or salmon eggs then go for a single-clawed hook. What are the other essential items that you must include in your tackle or gear?
Don’t forget to take a scoop net or dip net (handheld) to scoop the fish out of the water and land the same on your boat or launch. There is a possibility of the line snapping if you attempt to suddenly pull the fish out of the water. Besides the hand net, you’ll also need to carry a pair of waders, polarized glasses (for identifying the trout underwater), and stringer with snaps for hanging your catch till you get to the shore.
The ideal natural or live baits that hooking trout are mayflies, worms, crayfish, salmon eggs, minnows, fly larvae, grasshoppers, crickets, cheese, corn, and other similar types of lures. See to it that the live baits you use are free of ingredients that may harm your catch. You can also use dough or putty adhered around a popper or fly. Use a hook ranging from 6-14 inches in size and make sure that the bait or worm is tethered in such a manner that the clasp is not visible. A hook or fastener that is easily spotted by the fish will keep her from biting too deep.
You can opt for a double-split open-shank hook or a tandem hook. The former has a double-pronged hook allowing you to nail the worm in a way that leaves a loop in between rendering the clasp almost invisible. The design of the tandem rig is such that it comes with two hooks one of whose curve aims downwards and the other’s is pointed upwards. Of all the baits, the worms work the best. If you’re going to use artificial or synthetic baits (objects that resemble worms, eggs, larvae or grubs) make sure these are soft and unscented.
With a few possible exceptions, you can go out trout fishing at any time of the year. Starting with the summer season, your chances of baiting trout will go up as there’ll be lesser anglers venturing out compared to other seasons of course because of the heat and humidity. This is also the opportune time to hone your skills in fly fishing as marine or water-borne insects tend to hatch profusely and therefore available in plenty.
During the fall, using grasshoppers and/or artificial baits, spinner baits, and night crawlers will help you to net a good crop of brown trouts. The season that is easily ignored by most anglers as far as trout fishing is concerned is wintertime. Try to find a good spot that is replete with aquatic plants, boulders, and weeds anytime between 10.00 a.m. and 2.00p.m. Use spinner baits and freshwater shrimps for catching trouts.
The trout fishing tips mentioned above is of course not an exhaustive listing as there are many other guidelines or instructions that you can pay heed to. You can research on the net for more tips on tools and techniques for trout fishing.